Posts Tagged ‘theology’

The 1st Sign: From Water to Wine 

Preaching Notes John 2:1-11

John 2:1-11

1  On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.  2  Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples.

3  When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.”

4  And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me?  My hour has not yet come.”

5  His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”

6  Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons.  7  Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.”  And they filled them up to the brim.  8  And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.”  So they took it.

9  When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew).  The master of the feast called the bridegroom 10 and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine.  But you have kept the good wine until now.”

11  This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him.

I.  Miracles

Miracles, we love them, and we pray for them

We focus on the what more than the who 

Miracles reveal spiritual truth about Jesus, there is Christological significance in each miracle. They reveal Jesus’ oneness with God the Father

The 7 Miracles in John’s Gospel

1.  The turning water into wine at Cana – John 2:1-11

2.  The Cure of the officer’s son – John 4:46–54

3.  The healing of the lame man at the pool – John 5:1-15

4.  The feeding of the 5000 – John 6:1-15

5.  The walking on the lake – John 6:16-21

6.  The cure of the blind man – John 9:1-41

7.  The raising of Lazarus – John 11:1-44

Their purpose in John’s Gospel

Miracle stories in John’s Gospel are called signs and reveal information about Jesus for the purpose of leading people to believe in Jesus as Messiah, Christ, anointed, Chosen One, Son of God, Son of Man

By believing ==> you might have life in his name  –

John 20:30-31

Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.

II.  The Signs of the Miracle at the Wedding Feast in Cana

First public event of Jesus’ ministry at a semi-private event

Private 7 day Wedding Feast

Cana – small village in Galilee not a populous or crowded place to create buzz

Wedding at Cana Most mundane as far as miracles there

Jesus turned 120-180 gallons of water into wine for small party

=> What’s going on

A.  Weddings in the Bible – 

Genesis 2:18-25, Matthew 22:1, Mark 2:19-22, Revelation 21 

Genesis 2:18-25 – Institution of marriage, before the Fall

Matthew 22:1

The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son

Revelation 21 – Consummation of Creation’s restoration at a wedding

Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people

Weddings are – foundational for imagery of the church as the bride of Christ

This is the Messianic wedding feast

B.  Rites of Purification in the Old Testament

People used stone jars in rites of purification because they did not attract impurities

The great annual purification from sin of the people was on the Day of Atonement

Jesus – a man without impurities

The vessel of God’s grace has no impurity

He is fit to be the atonement

C.  Significance of wine in the Old Testament

5 Cups of Wine Passover/Seder Meal – Exodus 6:6-7 and Malachi 4:5

The Cup of Sanctification – I will bring you out

The Cup of Deliverance – I will free you

The Cup of Redemption – I will redeem you

The Cup of Restoration – I will take you as my own people

A fifth is poured saved for the return of Elijah, see Malachi 4:5

“Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.”

This points to Jesus pouring out the cup at the Lord’s Supper

Wine is a symbol of joy

Mark 2:19-22 Parable about the kingdom where the setting is a wedding feast

Wine points to the Lord’s Supper

Purification will come, not by the being washed in water, but through the blood of Jesus

D.  The Best Wine Now

Usually serve the best first, but the best comes last

The new covenant with God, established before creation is revealed at this time

The sheer quantity, 120-180 gallons – in the prophets, as abundance of wine

Reveals the lavish provision, never failing provisions of God’s Kingdom

III.  The Sign is for You about who do you believe Jesus is?

John 2:11 – This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory.  And his disciples believed in him. 

Event => manifestation of Jesus’ glory

Who witnessed the miracle?

Disciples and servants only

Could have included Mary

Who saw Jesus’ glory?


Perhaps the servants

Who believed in Jesus?

Only the disciples

Not everyone believed

This is normative – many see, but do not understand

John 12:37-43 (edited)

Though Jesus had done so many signs before them, they still did not believe in him, … For again Isaiah said, “The Lord has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart.” …  Nevertheless, many …  believed in him, but for fear of the Pharisees they did not confess it, so that they would not be put out of the synagogue; for they loved the glory that comes from man more than the glory that comes from God. 

==> ??? Do you believe in Jesus?

Verbally, most of us would say, “Yes, I believe!”

Are you more attracted to the glory of man instead of the glory of God?

Do you believe that you have found life in Jesus?

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